The Primitive Technology channel on YouTube has put up this video clip of how to make a wattle-and-daub (stick-and-mud) hut, using only primitive materials and techniques. The video blurb explains:
I built this hut in the bush using naturally occurring materials and primitive tools. The hut is 2m wide and 2m long, the side walls are 1m high and the ridge line (highest point) is 2m high giving a roof angle of 45 degrees. A bed was built inside and it takes up a little less than half the hut. The tools used were a stone hand axe to chop wood, fire sticks to make fire, a digging stick for digging and clay pots to carry water. The materials used in the hut were wood for the frame, vine and lawyer cane for lashings and mud for daubing. Broad leaves were initially used as thatch which worked well for about four months before starting to rot. The roof was then covered with sheets of paper bark which proved to be a better roofing material. An external fireplace and chimney were also built to reduce smoke inside. The hut is a small yet comfortable shelter and provides room to store tools and materials out of the weather. The whole hut took 9 months from start to finish. But it only took 30 days of actual work (I abandoned it for a few months before adding bark roof, chimney and extra daub ).
From a couple of hints in other videos, I think the author/creator is from Australia. It's an interesting case study in how our distant ancestors in that part of the world made themselves more comfortable.
Given the inevitable impact of wind and weather, I'm not sure I'd build something like that in the northern hemisphere. I'd rather use a tent or tepee during more temperate months, and look for a cave or build a log or rock cabin for the winter. Even so, it's an interesting demonstration of using what Nature provides.