On June 24th, 1948, Soviet occupying forces in Germany closed all land access routes to the Western sectors of Berlin, which was surrounded by the Soviet zone of occupation after World War II. The Berlin Blockade had begun. Within days, the Western Allies would begin an airlift to bring in the supplies the city needed. It would continue for an unprecedented fifteen months.
I wrote about the Airlift in detail in Weekend Wings #22. There are lots of photographs at the link for those interested. A few statistics about it:
- The USA delivered 1,783,573 tons of freight to Berlin;
- The Royal Air Force delivered 541,937 tons;
- Many other Air Forces participated - for example, the Royal Australian Air Force delivered 7,968 tons and 6,964 passengers on 2,062 flights;
- US and British C-47's and C-54's flew over 92 million miles during the Airlift, the same distance as from the Earth to the Sun;
- 101 people died in the air and on the ground as a result of crashes during the Airlift, including 40 British and 31 American personnel. The remainder were mostly German civilians.
To this day, Berlin residents commemorate the Airlift every year, and honor the memory of those who died keeping them alive. This year's celebrations began last month. May I suggest we should do likewise on this side of the Atlantic?