I was intrigued to read that US 'backdoor' components have been discovered in two surveillance satellites being manufactured in Europe for the United Arab Emirates. DefenseNews reports:
A United Arab Emirates (UAE) deal to purchase two intelligence satellites from France worth almost 3.4 billion dirhams (US $930 million) is in jeopardy after the discovery of what was described as “security compromising components.”
A high-level UAE source said the two high-resolution Pleiades-type Falcon Eye military observation satellites contained two specific US-supplied components that provide a back door to the highly secure data transmitted to the ground station.
. . .
According to the UAE source, the discovery prompted increased talks between the UAE and Russia and a number of high-level delegations have shuttled between Moscow and Abu Dhabi.
“If this issue is not resolved, the UAE is willing to scrap the whole deal,” he added.
The UAE has drawn on Russian technology, with the GLONASS space-based navigation system fitted as a redundancy feature on a Western European weapon system, a French defense expert said.
The competition for the deal has been ongoing for more than a decade, and UAE officials in late 2012 said they had narrowed the Falcon Eye competition from 11 bidders and their backing governments to proposals from US and French teams.
The UAE source said the French team won the bid due to the US State Department’s restrictions on the use of the system, often referred to as “shutter control.”
In Paris, one defense specialist found it intriguing that France had drawn on US technology for the satellites under the Falcon Eye program.
“That is surprising,” the specialist said.
France operates the Pleiades spy satellite in what is viewed as a critical piece of the nation’s sovereignty. Given that core competence, it seemed strange that France would use US technology, although there is an agreement between Paris and Washington over transfer of capabilities, analysts said.
There's more at the link.
I wonder whether this would have been detected at all if the NSA global surveillance scandal hadn't blown up last year? I think it's likely that the scandal prompted a much closer inspection of US electronic components by the manufacturer, leading to the discovery of the 'backdoor' elements.
This raises all sorts of interesting questions and issues.
- If these 'backdoor' components have been discovered in Pleiades-type satellites being built for the UAE, what are the odds that they - or something similar - were installed in France's original Pleiades satellites before they were launched? Does the USA already have 'backdoor' access to one of France's most important security systems? I'd say it's more than likely - which won't please France at all.
- The UAE contributes huge sums to US defense contractors - see, for example, the development of the F-16E/F Block 60 (the two-seat F model is shown below), the most advanced model of that fighter ever developed (much more so than the USAF's own F-16's) and funded by the UAE to the tune of billions of dollars. This discovery, as noted in the report above, has already led to the UAE sending delegations to Russia, another major arms producer. Will it damage future US arms exports to the Gulf - never mind the rest of the world? Quite possibly it will.
- The USA has protested (loudly) about 'backdoor' technology in Chinese exports (follow these four links for examples and more information). Now we've been shown to be doing the same thing ourselves. We'll never be able to complain again with a straight face about such shenanigans by other countries. We've just legitimized the practice.
- If the UAE cancels its contract with France for the satellites, can the manufacturer turn around and sue the USA for causing it to lose the deal? I'd say it would have a pretty strong case, on the face of it. The suit would be brought in European courts, too, which means that the US government couldn't censor technical or other details by using US secrecy laws.
The long and the short of it is, any nation on Earth that wants to buy any high-technology products containing US components must now assume that 'backdoors' have been installed in them. That's already caused plummeting international sales in IT and telecommunications hardware and software for US firms. Look for such losses to get worse.