As I've mentioned before, I've traveled extensively in sub-Saharan Africa. I'm familiar with viral hemorrhagic fevers such as Ebola, because there are many of them and they're frequently encountered there. To name only two that are currently active:
- Lassa fever is less lethal than Ebola, but its symptoms are similar and it's far more widespread. There are a quarter to a half million cases each year in West and Central Africa, with up to 5,000 fatalities.
- Marburg virus disease is much less common than Lassa fever, but much more dangerous. There's currently a case in Uganda that's causing concern.
Wikipedia lists five families of viruses that lead to hemorrhagic fevers, and mentions several more of the diseases they cause.
The problem is that the symptoms of most of these diseases mirror those of Ebola. For example, statistically speaking, we're far more likely to encounter someone suffering from Lassa fever than we are the Ebola virus; but if the initial symptoms are similar, how will airport authorities and medical institutions be able to quickly differentiate between them? Furthermore, if we start seeing a mass exodus of refugees from affected areas (something that's already rumored to be happening in the more remote districts of affected countries, where international borders are honored more in the breach than in the observance), how will refugee camps cope with multiple hemorrhagic virus outbreaks?
Fortunately, the spread of most of these viral hemorrhagic fevers can be controlled by the implementation of basic sanitation and quarantine measures; but if those aren't available, or aren't observed, or are overwhelmed by more than one disease, things get difficult. Just another complication to the whole Ebola situation . . .